The celebration of Mother’s Day enters a new century and sadly has no resemblance to the original!
Today, it’s known mostly for brunches, gifts, cards, and general outpourings of love and appreciation. But the day has more serious roots. It was founded for mourning women to remember fallen soldiers and work for peace. And when the holiday went commercial, its greatest champion, Anna Jarvis, gave everything to fight it, dying penniless in a sanitarium.
Anna Jarvis never had children of her own, but the death of her own mother in 1905 inspired her to organize the first Mother’s Day observances in 1908.
Largely through Jarvis’s efforts, Mother’s Day came to be observed in a growing number of cities and states until U.S. President Woodrow Wilson officially set aside the second Sunday in May in 1914 for the holiday.
Anna Jarvis’s idea of an intimate Mother’s Day quickly became a commercial gold mine centering on the buying and giving of flowers, candies, and greeting cards—a development that deeply disturbed Jarvis. Jarvis incorporated herself as the Mother’s Day International Association and tried to retain some control of the holiday.
She organized boycotts, threatened lawsuits and died at 84 in Philadelphia’s Marshall Square Sanitarium in 1948.