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How Countries Celebrate Republic Day Globally!

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Vishal Kapoor
Vishal Kapoor
Too Extrovert. Writing is not really my thing but doing fine for now ūüėČ


Our country is celebrating its 67th Republic Day with great pomp and show. Huge preparations and precision has gone into making the celebrations successful.

One of the biggest highlights this year is that President of France Francois Hollande is attending the event as a chief guest, amidst unprecedented security in the wake of the attack on Pathankot air force base.

Countries across the globe all have their own Republic Day. Some things are a common theme throughout different countries, such as fiberglass flagpoles decorated with the countries flag and marches and processions. But there are some things which are unique to certain countries. On this occasion, KHURKI looks at how various countries across the globe celebrate Republic Day…

26 January in India

republic1day_khurki.net

India gained its independence on 15 August 1947, after which the process of preparing a Constitution was started. The Constitution was passed on 26 November 1949 in the Constituent Assembly. It was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, when the country became a republic in true sense. 26 January was selected because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence was passed.

1 February in Hungary

hungary flag_khurki.net

The Memorial Day of the Republic commemorates the proclamation of the Republic of Hungary on 1 February 1946. Since 2004, this day is a national commemoration day, not a public or national holiday.

23 February in Guyana

Guyana flag_khurki.net

On 23 February 1970, Guyana was declared a “cooperative republic” within the Commonwealth of Nations.

23 March in Pakistan

pakistan parade_khurki.net

In Pakistan, 23 March marks two related events; the first was the passing of the Lahore Resolution in 1940 by the leaders of the Muslim League, essentially demanding a separate state for Muslims, ultimately leading to the independence of Pakistan in 1947. The second event was the formal declaration of Pakistan as an Islamic Republic in 1956, having previously held the status of a Dominion. The main events of this day include a full military parade and the awarding of honors at the Presidential Palace by the President.

1 April in Iran

Iran parade_khurki.net

Islamic Republic Day is celebrated on Farvardin 12 of the Iranian calendar to mark the anniversary of the 1979 establishment of the Islamic Republic. Farvardin 12 falls on or around April 1 in the Gregorian calendar.

24 April in the Gambia

Gambia flag_khurki.net

On 24 April 1970, the Gambia became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.

15 May in Lithuania

Lithuania parade_khurki.net

The Constituent Assembly of Lithuania met for the first time on 15 May, 1920. The day is commemorated as Constituent Assembly Day.

In Azerbaijan on 28 May

 

On 28 May 1918, Azerbaijan declared independence from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic, thus forming the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. Azerbaijan was the first democratic parliamentary republic in the Muslim world. The holiday was not celebrated during Soviet times, and it only achieved consistency after the collapse of the USSR.

28 May in Nepal

A decade-long People’s Revolution by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) along with several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties of Nepal in 2006, culminated in a peace accord and the ensuing elections for the constituent assembly voted overwhelmingly in favor of the abdication of the last Nepali monarch Gyanendra Shah and the establishment of a federal democratic republic on 28 May, 2008.

31 May in South Africa

South africa flag_khurki.net

Between 1961 and 1994, 31 May was celebrated in South Africa as Republic Day. This practice was discontinued in 1995 following the attainment of majority rule and the reorganisation of public holidays as a consequence. On the last Republic Day, in 1994, South Africa rejoined the Commonwealth of Nations.

2 June in Italy

Italy parade_khurki.net

Republic Day is celebrated on 2 June. It commemorates the referendum of 1946, when the Italian population was called to decide what form of government (monarchy or republic) to give to the country after World War II and the fall of Fascism. After 85 years of monarchy, Italy became a Republic, and the monarchs of the House of Savoy were deposed and exiled. This is one of the most important Italian public holidays which, like 14 July in France and 4 July in the USA, celebrates the birth of the nation. A grand military parade is held in central Rome.

17 June in Iceland

Myndasafn - Iceland Review

The Republic Day commemorates the independence of Iceland on 17 June 1944.

1 July in Ghana

Ghana flag_khurki.net

On 1 July 1960, Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana proclaimed a republic and became its first president.

4 July in the Philippines

Phillippines parade_khurki.net

From 1946 to 1961, this day was celebrated as Independence Day, in honour of the country’s freedom from the United States of America and the establishment of the Third Republic in 1946. In 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal changed the date of Independence Day to 12 June and designating 4 July as “Philippine Republic Day” according to Republic Act ? 4166. The current date of 12 June celebrates the First Philippine Republic’s secession from the Spanish Empire in 1898.

14 July in Iraq

Iraq army_khurki.net

14 July 1958 is the day the Hashemite monarchy was overthrown in Iraq by popular forces led by Abdul Karim Kassem, who became the nation’s new leader. The event was commemorated in Baghdad with a statue in 14 July Square.

25 July in Tunisia

Tunisian Flag_khurki.net

Republic Day in Tunisia celebrates the abolition of the monarchy by the National Assembly, resulting in the proclamation of the Republic of Tunisia. Habib Bourguiba was chosen to be the first President of Tunisia.

2 August in Macedonia

Macedonia flag_khurki.net

In the Republic of Macedonia, 2 August is celebrated as the Day of the Republic. It commemorates the Ilinden‚ÄďPreobrazhenie Uprising of 2 August 1903 and the first meeting of the Anti-fascist Assembly for the National Liberation of Macedonia on 2 August 1944. The day is also celebrated as St. Elijahs Day, or Ilinden.

24 September in Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad & Tobago Flag_khurki.net

Trinidad and Tobago officially ceased being a Commonwealth realm on 1 August 1976 with the promulgation of a new, republican constitution. Republic Day is however celebrated as a public holiday on 24 September, the date when the first Parliament met. The Republic Day holiday was reinstated in 2002. We then got our President.

5 October in Portugal

Portugal Flag_khurki.net

5 October in Portugal is known as Implanta√ß√£o da Rep√ļblica. It celebrates the proclamation of the Portuguese First Republic in 1910.

7 October in East Germany

East germany flag_khurki.net

The Tag der Republik commemorated the establishment of the German Democratic Republic on 7 October 1949. East Germany was dissolved on 3 October 1990.

10 October in Taiwan

taiwan Parade_khurki.net

10 October in Taiwan is a national holiday commemorating the establishment of the Republic of China in 1911, the symbolic start of the Chinese revolution with the Wuchang Uprising. It is also known as the Double Ten Day.

Second-to-last Monday in October in Rhodesia

Rhodesia Parade_khurki.net

Although the government of Ian Smith declared Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) a republic on 2 March 1970, the annual Republic Day holiday took place on the second-to-last Monday in October. It was abolished in October 1979 by the interim government of Zimbabwe Rhodesia.

29 October in Turkey

Turkey Parade_khurki.net

On 29 October 1923, the Turkish constitution was amended and Turkey became a republic. This formally declared the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. Republic Day is celebrated throughout Turkey every year. Commemorative events usually begin in the afternoon on the previous day. Also, there are fireworks shows in all cities of Turkey.

11 November in the Maldives

Maldives Flag_khurki.net

On 11 November 1968, the monarchy of the Maldives was replaced by a republic.

15 November in Brazil

Brazil Flag_khurki.net

On 15 November 1889, in the city of Rio de Janeiro (the Brazilian capital at that time), a military coup led by Field Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca overthrew Emperor Pedro II and declared Brazil a republic.

Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus_khurki.net

On 15 November 1983, Northern Cyprus was proclaimed.

28 November in Chad

Chad flag_khurki.net

On 28 November 1958, Chad became an autonomous state within the French Community.

29 November in the former Yugoslavia

former Yugoslavia flag_khurki.net

On 29 November 1943, the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia established the foundations of post-war Yugoslavia as a federal republic, which was officially proclaimed on the same date in 1945. Republic Day marked the occasion two consecutive days, 29 and 30 November, and was likely the most important holiday (the other two-day holidays were New Year and May Day).

In the 1980s, as central and Communist Party authority eroded, dissenters targeted Republic Day celebrations for criticism. In 1987, Bosnian garage rock band Zabranjeno puŇ°enje published a song entitled Dan Republike, in which they criticized the state of the economy and protested the general indifference to the ideals behind the holiday. The band had to change some of the lyrics before being allowed to air the song.

In 1990, Slovenia was the first federal republic to cease observing the holiday. Other seceded republics followed suit as Yugoslavia dissolved. Federal Republic of Yugoslavia kept the holiday until 2002. The date “29.XI.1943” figured prominently on the Yugoslav coat of arms.

December 1 in the Central African Republic

Central African Republic_khurki.net

On 1 December 1958, Ubangi-Shari became an autonomous territory within the French Community as the Central African Republic.

11 December in Burkina Faso

Burkina faso Flag_khurki.net

On 11 December 1958, Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community. This is commemorated in Burkina Faso as the Proclamation of the Republic.

12 December in Kenya

kenya parade_khurki.net

Kenya gained independence as a Commonwealth realm on 12 December 1963. Exactly one year later, the Republic of Kenya was established and Jomo Kenyatta became its first president.

13 December in Malta

Matla Flag_khurki.net

On 13 December 1974, the constitution of Malta was substantially revised, transforming the former British colony from a Commonwealth realm into a republic within the Commonwealth. The British monarch was no longer Re?ina ta’ Malta (Queen of Malta) and the new Head of State was President Sir Anthony Mamo. This occasion is marked every year as Republic Day in Malta. The monument of Republic Day is at Marsa.

16 December in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan Parade_khurki.net

In the waning days of Soviet rule, individual republics of the Soviet Union sought greater autonomy. The Soviet Union agreed in early 1990 to give up its monopoly of political power. Following the lead of Lithuanian SSR, Russian SFSR and others, Kazakh SSR declared its sovereignty on 25 October 1990, and Kazakhstan subsequently became independent on 16 December 1991 as the Soviet Union collapsed. 16 December is now commemorated as Republic Day, a public holiday in Kazakhstan.

18 December in Niger

Niger flag_khurki.net

18 December 1958 is commemorated in the Republic of Niger as Republic Day, the national holiday. Although not the date of formal independence from France, 18 December marks the founding of the Republic and creation of the Presidency of the Republic of Niger, following the constitutional changes of the French Fifth Republic, and the elections of 4 December 1958 held across the French colonial possessions. Nigerians consider this date to be the founding of their nation. Between 18 December 1958 and 5 August 1964, Niger remained a semi-autonomous republic within the French Community.
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